THE CENTER OF GENOMICS AND BIOINFORMATICS ORGANIZED A PRESS TOUR« Back
THE CENTER OF GENOMICS AND BIOINFORMATICS ORGANIZED A PRESS TOUR
Today, on November 17, the Center of Genomics and Bioinformatics of the Academy of Sciences of the Republic of Uzbekistan organized a press tour for the media and presented the results and achievements of its research.
The Center conducts international scientific research on the genomes of plants, microorganisms and other organisms and applies their results in practice.
Currently, the scientists of the Center study the structure of the genome of agricultural crops, conduct bioinformatic analysis of the function of genes that are economically important, develop genetic engineering and transgenomic technologies for wheat, pomegranate and grapes, genetic and cellular engineering, and select virtual markers. They are working on creating new varieties of cotton resistant to stress factors (cold, drought), high-quality fibers that are "genetically enriched" and resistant to pests.
Scientists of the Center for the first time developed knockout technology for the phytochrome A1 gene in cotton, which was patented in the United States, China, Egypt, Russia and India. Using this technology, new varieties of Porlock cotton were created with elongated and high-quality fiber, early maturity, high yield, drought and salt resistance. Currently, these varieties are grown in large fields throughout the country.
The Center has implemented in vitro microclonal propagation technology, which is used to propagate seedlings of a number of grape and pomegranate varieties. This technology is currently being used to increase the supply of virus-free and healthy grape and pomegranate seedlings to farmers.
Potatoes are one of the most important agricultural crops and play an important role in ensuring the country's food security. As a result of weakening the activity of the phytochrome B gene in potatoes using gene knockout technology, its yield increased by 26%. New potato varieties are currently being tested in the field.
During the press tour, media representatives received answers to their questions about the Center's activities and research conducted here.
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